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Cleft Projects

 

 

 

Smile Train Cleft projects:

 

 There are 20 Smile Cleft Projects all over the country partnered with CHAF  and ran by our centersThese projects includes:

  1. Free Cleft Surgery
  2. Free Speech Therapy (CARe Medical College Hospital)
  3. Free Nutritional Advice (CARe Medical College Hospital)
  4. Planning for free Orthodontic Support

 

In our centers, we are doing free cleft surgeries with the support of USA base international largest cleft charity organization “Smile Train” with the help of our team members. Though cleft surgery is a costly operation and sometimes needed multiple surgeries but here this operation is totally free- whether single or multiple, no medicine cost, no hospital stay cost, no food charge and even some time we provide transport cost also.

 

 Smile Train also supports speech treatment and Nutritional supplements by speech therapists and Nutritionists.

 

 

What is Cleft and Cleft palate?

 Cleft lip and cleft palate: Defects can be individual, i.e. either cleft lip or cleft palate or combined cleft lip and palate with alveolus. Can be one side (unilateral) or both sides (Bilateral). 

 Cleft lip – A slit or gap in lip from birth. Defect may be like a slight notch to a big gap. A child with a cleft lip looks ugly and there may be speech problems also if gap is very big.

 

How is it Treated?

Treatment is operation- repair of Lip. Treatment at an early age (If possible within one month of age) gives better results if children are normal. But it can be repaired at any age.

 If the gap is wide and there are defects in gum and palate, deformity may arise after proper repair also. In that case further plastic surgery will solve the problem.

 

 Cleft palate

A slit or gap in Palate (roof of mouth) from birth. Defect may be like a slight notch to a big gap. Cleft palate child suffer with feeding problem and thus malnourished, frequent ear infections, frequent respiratory tract

infections like pneumonia which may be life threatening, in later life speech problems – they can’t pronounce words properly, their speech is not understandable. A child with a cleft lip and palate can’t go to school properly as his/her speech is not understandable. They are socially neglected. They can’t get married properly.

Treatment – Operative treatment- Palatoplasty (Repair of Palate).  Ideal time of repair is 6-12 month of age, if a child is suffering with any medical condition like fever, pneumonia, etc. it may be delayed but must be done within 18 months of life otherwise he/she can’t speak properly though it can be repaired in later life also. After repairing there may develop a hole in the palate which may heal spontaneously, if not healed it can be repaired after 6-12 months of operation or later.

 

 

Cleft Nasal Deformities

Cleft nasal deformities associated with Lip defects can be corrected at the age of 4-5 year. 

 

 

Alveolus (Gum)

Defects in alveolus cause dental problems. Alveolar defects can be repaired with bone grafts at the age of 6-7 years. 

 

 

Facial clefts 

 A slit or gap in lip from birth which may involve a wide area of face including nose, eye. Defect may be like a slight notch to a big gap. A child with facial cleft looks uglier than a simple cleft lip and there may be speech problems also if the gap is very big.

Treatment – Treatment is operation- repair of the defects. Treatment at an early age (If possible within one month of age) gives better results if the child has no other diseases. But at any age it can be repaired. Sometimes it needs multiple operations.

 

 

Speech Treatment (Therapy)

 From the age of three years we provide free speech treatment for those who have speech problems.